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Sebastian P. Dys

Sebastian P. Dys

PhD Student

sebastian.dys@mail.utoronto.ca

 

The development of moral emotions, such as sympathy and guilt, is an integral component of children’s and adolescents’ social and emotional functioning. But why do some children feel happy about transgressing moral norms while others feel guilty and show remorse? How do children who feel happy about rule violations process morally salient situations differently from those who feel badly?

 

As a third year PhD student in the Developmental Sciences program, I am interested in understanding the developmental processes that underlie moral emotions. More specifically, my work examines how cognitive and affective processes interact on micro- (i.e., second-to-second), and macro- (i.e., over the course of years) levels. In my research, I employ a multi-method approach (using automated emotion recognition technology, eye tracking, physiological measures, and interviews) in order to yield insight into how children’s attention allocation, physiology, thoughts, and feelings interplay across development. My overarching goal is to provide direction to educators, program developers, and parents interested in specific strategies and practices aimed at promoting moral development.

Short C.V.

Awards and Scholarships

 

NSERC Postgraduate Scholarship (2015-2017)

UTM Graduate Student Development Grants (2013-2016)

UTM Conference Travel Grants (2013-2016)

University of Toronto Best Psychology Poster Award (2013)

The Gladys Neale Graduate Award (2012)

Peter Wright Graduate Award (2011; declined)

Dr. Jaroslav Havelka Memorial Award (2010)

King’s Continuing Scholarships (2008-2011)

King’s Scholar Award (2007)

 

Publications

Refereed Journal Articles

 

Malti, T., & Dys, S. P. (2018). From being nice to being kind: development of prosocial behaviors. Current Opinion in Psychology, 20, 45-49. doi: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.036.

 

Malti, T., Dys, S. P., Cui, L., & Buchmann, M. (2017). Moral and social antecedents of young adults’ attitudes towards inequality and social justice. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 8(1), 5-19, doi:  10.14301/llcs.v8i1.397

 

Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2016). It’s a two-way street: Automatic and controlled processes in children’s emotional responses to moral transgressions. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 152, 31-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2016.06.011

 

Schellenberg, E. G., Corrigal, K., Dys, S. P.., & Malti, T. (2015). Group music training promotes sympathy and prosocial behavior. PLoS ONE, 10(10): e0141449. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0141449

 

Daniel, E., Dys. S. P., Buchmann, M., & Malti, T. (2016). Developmental trajectories of social justice values in adolescence: Links with sympathy and moral evaluations. Social Development, 25(3), 548-564. doi: 10.1111/sode.12146

 

Malti, T., & Dys, S. P. (2015). A developmental perspective on moral emotions. Topoi, 34(2),  453-459. doi: 10.1007/s11245-013-9224-5

 

Daniel, E., Dys, S. P., Buchmann, M., & Malti, T. (2014). The development of moral emotions, moral reasoning, and social justice values from childhood to early adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 37(7), 1201-1214. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.08.009

 

Malti, T., Ongley, S.F., Dys, S. P., & Colasante, T. (2012). Adolescents’ emotions in contexts of moral conflict and social exclusion. New Directions for Youth Development, 136, 27-40. doi: 10.1002/yd.20036

 

Book Chapters

 

Malti, T., Dys, S. P., Colasante, T., & Peplak, J. (in press). Emotions and morality: New developmental perspectives. To appear in C. Helwig (Ed.), New Perspectives in Moral Development. New York: Taylor and Francis.

 

Dys, S. P., Schellenberg, E. G., & McLean, K. C. (2017). Musical identities, music preferences, and individual differences. In R. MacDonald, D. Miell, & D. Hargreaves, Musical Identities, 2nd edition (pp. 247-266). Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679485.003.0014

 

Malti, T., Sette, S., & Dys, S. P. (2016). Social-emotional responding: A perspective from developmental psychology. In R. Scott, M. Buchmann, & S. Kosslyn (Eds.), Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences (pp. 1-15). Hoboken, NJ:  John Wiley and Sons. doi: 10.1002/9781118900772.etrds0415

 

Malti, T., Dys, S. P., & Zuffianò, A. (2015). The moral foundations of prosocial behaviour. In R.E. Tremblay, M. Boivin, & R. D. Peters (Eds.), Encyclopedia on early childhood development [online]. Montreal, Quebec: Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development and Strategic Knowledge Cluster on Early Child Development.

 

Manuscripts Under Review/ Revision

 

Dys, S. P., Peplak, J., Colasante, T., & Malti, T. (revise/resubmit). Feelings about excluding an economically disadvantaged peer: The role of sympathy. Submitted to Developmental Psychology.

 

Malti, T., Song, J-H., Colasante, T., & Dys, S. P. (submitted). Parenting aggressive children. To appear in Marc H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of Parenting: Volume 1: Children and Parenting, Third Edition. New York: Taylor and Francis.

 

Manuscripts in Preparation

 

Dys, S. P., Orsanka, V., Zaazou, N., & Malti, T. (in prep). Do you see what I see? Children’s attention allocation and emotions in response to moral transgressions.

 

Conference Presentations

 

Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2017, April). Seeing aggression through the eyes: Links between attention allocation and aggressive behavior in childhood. Symposium talk given at the 2017 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD), Austin, USA.

 

Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2017, April). Do you see what I see? Links between children’s sympathy and attention allocation. Poster presented at the 2017 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD), Austin, USA.

 

Boshra, D. F., Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2016, August). Putting happiness in its place: Children’s positive emotion regulation and affective responses to moral transgressions. Poster presented at the University of Toronto Mississauga Summer Research Celebration, Mississauga, Canada.

 

Troisi, V. V., Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2016, August). Socializing morality: Parental discipline in relation to children’s sympathy. Poster presented at the University of Toronto Mississauga Summer Research Celebration, Mississauga, Canada.

 

Dys, S. P., Colasante, T., Zuffianò, A., & Malti, T. (2016, July). Let’s take a second: Children’s emotional facial expressions in response to a moral transgression. Symposium talk given at the 24th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development (ISSBD), Vilnius, Lithuania.

 

Dys, S.P., & Malti, T. (2016, July). Seeing conflicts through children’s eyes: Links between attention allocation and emotional responses to moral transgressions. Poster presented at the 24th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural

Development (ISSBD), Vilnius, Lithuania.

 

Hassany, S. Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2015, June). Children’s sympathy and attention allocation during moral transgressions. Poster presented at the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Jean Piaget Society (JPS), Toronto, Canada.

 

Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2015, March). Let’s take a second: Children’s emotional facial expressions in response to moral transgressions. Poster presented at the 2015 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD), Philadelphia, USA.

 

Daniel, E., Dys, S. P., Buchmann, M. & Malti, T. (2015, February). Developmental trajectories of social justice values during adolescence: Links with sympathy and friendship quality. Poster presented at the 2015 Kavli Frontiers of Science Symposium, Jerusalem, Israel.

 

Malti, T., Dys, S. P., Peplak, J., & Bae, N. Y. (2014, July). The development of children’s affective-respect in relation to aggressive behaviour. Symposium talk given at the 23rd Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development (ISSBD), Shanghai, China.

 

Malti, T., Cui, L., Dys, S. P., & Buchmann, M. (2014, June). Developmental and social antecedents of young adult civic competence. Symposium talk given at the conference entitled “Challenges in the Third Decade of live in the 21st Century – Individual Development and Health, Social Opportunities and Inequalities”, Hannover, Germany.

 

Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2014, May). Children’s emotions and reasoning in response to moral transgressions. Symposium talk given at the Development 2014 Conference, Ottawa, Canada.

 

Daniel, E., Dys, S. P., Buchmann, M., & Malti, T. (2014, March). Developmental trajectories of social justice values during adolescence: Links with sympathy and moral evaluations. Poster presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence (SRA), Austin, USA.

 

Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2013, October). The development of children’s facial emotional expressions and self-reported emotions in response to moral transgressions. Symposium talk given at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Moral Education (AME), Montreal, Canada.

 

Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2013, June). Children’s observed emotional reactions to moral transgressions: Development and variation across context. Poster presented at the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Jean Piaget Society (JPS), Chicago, USA.

 

Ongley, S.F., Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2013, April). Children’s moral emotions and moral reasoning in the development of sharing. Symposium poster presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD), Seattle, USA.

 

Dys, S. P., & Roney, C. J. R. (2011, April). Competitiveness in relation to achievement goals and personality. Symposium talk given at the Annual Ontario Psychology Undergraduate Thesis Conference, Guelph, Canada.

 

 

University of Toronto Mississauga
Illustration by Macarena Toro